- Introduction to the importance of visual representation and structured planning in software development.
- Overview of the main subtopics to be covered: OOP concepts, Introduction to UML, Flowcharts, and Pseudo Code.
Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) Concepts
- Definition of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and its significance in software development.
- Four fundamental principles of OOP: Encapsulation, Inheritance, Polymorphism, and Abstraction.
- Explanation of each OOP principle with real-world analogies and code examples.
- How OOP enhances code modularity, reusability, and maintainability.
Introduction to UML (Unified Modeling Language)
- Overview of Unified Modeling Language (UML) as a standardized visual language for modeling software systems.
- Purpose of UML: facilitating communication, documentation, and visualization of software designs.
- Different types of UML diagrams: Structural (Class diagram, Object diagram) and Behavioral (Use Case diagram, Sequence diagram, Activity diagram).
- Brief introduction to UML tools: examples of popular tools like Microsoft Visio, Lucidchart, and draw.io.
- In-depth exploration of Class Diagrams, a fundamental UML diagram.
- Components of a Class Diagram: classes, attributes, methods, associations, multiplicities, and more.
- How to read and interpret a Class Diagram using real-world examples.
- Hands-on exercise: Drawing a basic Class Diagram for a simple software system.
- Introduction to Flowcharts as a visual representation of a process or algorithm.
- Symbols and their meanings in flowcharts: Start/End, Process, Decision, Input/Output, Connector, and more.
- Step-by-step process of creating a flowchart: identifying tasks, decision points, and connectors.
- Importance of flowcharts in algorithm design, process analysis, and procedural understanding.
- Definition and purpose of Pseudo Code as a high-level description of an algorithm.
- Differences between programming code and Pseudo Code.
- Writing Pseudo Code using natural language: expressing algorithms without specific syntax.
- Benefits of Pseudo Code in planning, communication, and algorithm development.